El telescopio espacial James Web está bloqueado en la estrella guía para una alineación del espejo de alta precisión

Crédito: Centro de Aviación Espacial Goddard de la NASA

Después de comenzar la alineación del vidrio con la primera detección de calor de luz estelar en una cámara infrarroja cercana (NIRCam), el equipo del telescopio se esfuerza en los próximos pasos para operar el telescopio. Para seguir avanzando, el panel debe usar otra herramienta, el sensor de guía fina, para bloquear una estrella guía y apuntar el telescopio a una altura.[{» attribute=»»>accuracy. We have asked René Doyon and Nathalie Ouellette of the Université de Montréal to explain how Webb uses its Canadian instrument in this process.

“After being powered on January 28, 2022, and undergoing successful aliveness and functional tests, Webb’s Fine Guidance Sensor (FGS) has now successfully performed its very first guiding operation! Together with the Near-Infrared Imager and Slitless Spectrograph (NIRISS), the FGS is one of Canada’s contributions to the mission.

“To ensure Webb stays locked on its celestial targets, the FGS measures the exact position of a guide star in its field of view 16 times per second and sends adjustments to the telescope’s fine steering mirror about three times per second. In addition to its speed, the FGS also needs to be incredibly precise. The degree of precision with which it can detect changes in the pointing to a celestial object is the equivalent of a person in New York City being able to see the eye motion of someone blinking at the Canadian border 500 kilometers (311 miles) away!

“Webb’s 18 primary mirror segments are not yet aligned, so each star appears as 18 duplicate images. On February 13, FGS successfully locked onto and tracked one of these star images for the first time. The FGS team was thrilled to see this ‘closed loop guiding’ working! From now on, most of the alignment process of the telescope mirrors will take place with FGS guiding, while NIRCam images provide the diagnostic information for mirror adjustments.”

René Doyon, principal investigator for FGS/NIRISS, Université de Montréal; and Nathalie Ouellette, Webb outreach scientist, Université de Montréal

Por:

  • Jonathan Gardner, científico sénior del proyecto asistente web, NASACentro de Aviación Espacial Goddard
  • Y Alexandra Lockwood, científica del proyecto en WebScience Communications, Instituto de Ciencias del Telescopio Espacial
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